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APA Citation Style Guide (7th Edition)

Examples - Multimedia

Name of Host. (Host). (Date range or the production date for an episode). Title of Episode [Type of
Work]. In Title of podcast [Type of Work]. Production Company. URL



Hobbes, M. (Host) & Marshall, S. (Host). (2018 to present). You're wrong about [Audio podcast].


Shaw, Y. (Host). (2020, March 27). White vs. White (Season 6, Episode 4) [Audio podcast episode]. In Invisibilia. NPR.

APA Manual p. 345, Examples 93 and 94

Author or Artist if available. (Year image was created). Title of work [Type of Work]. Name of the Institution, Location of the Insitution. URL


Abbott, B. (1946). The wing [Photograph]. Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States.

APA Manual pp. 346-347


Producer and/or Director (Function). (Year of release). Title of video [Medium consulted]. URL


Navaxky, M., & O'Connor, K. (Producers, Directors, & Writers). (2006) Living old: The modern realities of aging in America [DVD].

Tip: The director should be credited as the author of the film.  If unknown then someone in another role should be credited.

APA Manual pp. 342-343, Example 84

In Theaters

Director and/or Producer. (Function). (Year of release). Title of film [Film]. Country of origin: Name of Studio.


Wallace, R. (Director). (2010). Secretariat [Film]. United States: Walt Disney Pictures.

APA Manual pp. 342-343 Example 84

TV Series

Producer(s) name. (Function). (Years of broadcast). Title of Series [Type of Work]. Name of Production Company; Channel


Simon, D., Colesberry, R.F., & Kostroff Noble, N. (Executive Producers). (2002-2008). The Wire [TV series]. Blown Deadline Productions; HBO

Tip: See Example 87 in the APA Manual to format a reference to an individual episode of a TV series.

APA Manual p. 434 Example 86

Author. [Screen name]. (Date produced or posted). Title of video [Medium consulted]. Platform. URL


Harvard University. [Harvard]. (2007, December 10). An introduction to the dataverse network as an infrastructure to data sharing [Video]. YouTube.

SFP Productions. [Films for the Humanities] (1989). Before the alphabet [Video]. Films On Demand.

APA Manual p. 344, Example 90