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APA Citation Style Guide (7th Edition)

If you are citing a source that has multiple authors, follow the directions below.

Multiple Authors

Always cite both authors' names in-text every time you reference them.


Johnson and Smith (2019) found...

...was their conclusion (Johnson & Smith, 2019).


APA Manual p.266, Section 8.17

If a document has three or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with "et al." from the first citation to the last.


   Ramirez et al. (2017) likened abnormal psychology to...

   ... distractions (Ramirez et al., 2017).

Important Note: If you have two or more documents that look the same when shortened, please follow the guidelines set out in the Authors and Dates Matching section.


APA Manual p.266, Section 8.17