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APA Citation Style Guide (7th Edition)

If you are citing a source that has multiple authors, follow the directions below.

Multiple Authors

Always cite both authors' names in-text every time you reference them.

Examples:

Johnson and Smith (2019) found...

...was their conclusion (Johnson & Smith, 2019).

 

APA Manual p.266, Section 8.17

If a document has three or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with "et al." from the first citation to the last.

Example:

   Ramirez et al. (2017) likened abnormal psychology to...

   ... distractions (Ramirez et al., 2017).

Important Note: If you have two or more documents that look the same when shortened, please follow the guidelines set out in the Authors and Dates Matching section.

 

APA Manual p.266, Section 8.17