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APA Citation Style Guide (7th Edition)

Examples - Electronic

Author(s). (Year of publication). Title of work [Reader version if available]. DOI or URL of ebook homepage


Kennefick, D. (2007). Traveling at the speed of thought : Einstein and the quest for gravitational waves. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.

Mundy, L. (2017). Code girls: The untold story of the american women code breakers who helped win world war II [OverDrive Read].

Tip: If both are available a DOI is always preferable to a non-DOI URL.

APA Manual p. 321, Examples 20, 22, 24, 26, and 29

Author(s) of article. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of journal, Volume number (Issue number), Page numbers. DOI URL


Yan, Y., Jebara, T., Abernathey, R., Goes, J., & Gomes, H. (2019). Robust learning algorithms for capturing oceanic dynamics and transport of Noctiluca blooms using linear dynamical models. PLoS ONE, 14(6), 1–24.

APA Manual p. 317, Example 1

Author(s). (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of journal, Volume number(Issue number), Page numbers. URL (from journal website if not from a database).


From Most Academic Research Databases  (Do NOT include the URL. See section 9.30 of the manual)

Thiebot, J., Arnould, J., Gómez-Laich, A., Ito, K., Kato, A., Mattern, T., . . . Takahashi, A. (2017). Jellyfish and other gelata as food for four penguin species – insights from predator-borne videos. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 15(8), 437-441.

With a Non-database URL

Couvillon, M., Peterson, R. L., Ryan, J. B., Scheuermann, B., & Stegall, J. (2010). A review of crisis intervention training programs for schools. Teaching Exceptional Children, 42(5), 6-17.

APA Manual p. 317, Examples 2 and 3 also pp.296-301.

Author(s) of article. (Full Date of publication). Title of article. Title of magazine, Volume number(Issue number), Page number(s). DOI or URL


Clairmont, N. (2019, Jan 08). The afterlife of Christopher Hitchens. The Weekly Standard, 25, 20-25.

Brennan, M. (2018). Christopher Hitchens’ public dying: toward a secular-humanist ars moriendi? OMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying, 77(2), 99–132.

APA Manual p. 320, Example 15

Author(s) of article. (Full Date of publication). Title of article. Title of newspaper or news website. URL


Utkarsha Tyagi, S. R. (2020, April 12). Nine Covid patients test negative, discharged from hospital in Meerut. Hindustan Times.

Kendall, B and Epstein, R.J. (2018, Feb 20). Pennsylvania gets a new district map. Wall Street Journal. A2.

Simon, S. (2013, December 24). Small typo' mars teacher evaluations. Politico.

APA Manual p. 317, Examples 1-3, p. 320 Example 16, and p. 351 Example 110

Author(s) of article. (Year of publication). Title of article. In Name of editor(s) (Ed.), Title of encyclopedia (Edition, Page numbers). URL


Irons, E. A. (2008). Healing Tao. In J. G. Melton (Series Ed.), Encyclopedia of Buddhism (1st ed., pp. 227).

Marshall, D. and Weatherson, B. (2018). Intrinsic vs. extrinsic properties. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2018 ed.). Stanford University.

APA Manual p. 328, Example 48

Entire Website

When referencing an entire website, simply include the URL in the text of the paper. Do not include it in the Reference list.


To find information on the U.S. President's event schedule, check the White House website (

Dynamic Content on a Website

Only include a retrieval date if the contents of the page are designed to change over time.


Schiffman, A. Coronavirus Dashboard.  Retrieved April 15, 2020, from


Article on a Website

Author(s). (Copyright or Last Revision date). Title of document. Website Name. URL


Monks, K. (2020, March 25). There's a new entry in India's electric rickshaw race. CNN.


APA Manual pp. 350-352, Examples 110-114.

Author(s) or Editor(s). (Date of publication or last revision). Title of Document or Web site (Report number if available). Name of Agency or Department website (if different than the author). DOI or URL


O'Neal, R. L., Levine, A. S., & Kiser, C. C. (1996). Photographic survey of the LDEF mission (NASA Special Report 531). National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Langley Research Center.

O*NET Resource Center. (2020). Special Education Teachers, Middle School (O*Net Report No. 25-2053.00). O*Net Online.

APA Manual pp. 329-330, Examples 50-53.

Author(s). (Date). Title of chapter. in A. Editor, B. Editor (Eds.). StatePearls. StatPearls Publishing. Retrieved Month Day, Year from http://www.xxxxx


Bailey, I. B. & Shaw, P.M. (2020). Abdominal aorta repair. In B. Abai, A. Amal Abu-Ghosh, A. B. Acharya, U. Acharya, S. G. Adhia, R. Adigun, T. C. Aeby, N. R. Aeddula,  A. Agarwal, M. Agarwal, S. Aggarwal, R. Ahlawat, R. A. Ahmed, F. Akhtar, A. M. Al Aboud, Y. Al Khalili, E. Al Zaabi, G. Alexander, M. Saleh Alhajjaj, & … K. J. Allen (Eds). StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing. Retrieved April 22, 2019 from