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NURB 361: Introduction to Nursing Research

For Suzi White's students

Necessary Components in Your Written Research

Abstract:

  • Here the author speaks in part to the value of the study and its importance
  • It highlights the problem and why readers should care about it.
  • It reviews the procedures, major findings, recommendations, and conclusions. 
  • It may conclude with a few sentences about the value of the study.
  • You should think about:
    • Why should the reader care?
    • Is there a gap in the research?
    • How was data analyzed?
    • What do you expect to learn?
    • What are the larger implications of your potential findings, especially for the research problem/gap?

Introduction

This is a mental road map that must answer these four questions:

  • What was I studying?
  • Why was this topic important to investigate?
  • What did we know about this topic before I did the study?
  • How will this study advance new knowledge or new ways of understanding?

Literature Review

  • A literature review is a comprehensive summary of previous research on a topic.
  • It surveys scholarly articles, books, and other sources relevant to a particular area of research.
  • The review should enumerate, describe, summarize, objectively evaluate and clarify this previous research, thus providing a framework for establishing the importance of the study. 
  • The end of the lit review serves as a bridge to the current study. 

Methodology

  • Describes the actions taken to investigate a research problem and the rationale for the applications of specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information.
  • Answers two questions:
    • How will data be collected?
    • How will it be analyzed?
  • Discuss why you chose to use a particular procedure or technique.
  • Describe your target population -- age, gender, location, and any other relevant characteristics

Implications

  • Argue how and in what ways you believe your research will refine, revise, or extend existing knowledge in the subject area under investigation
  • What suggestions for subsequent research could arise from the potential outcomes?
  • What will the results mean to practitioners in the natural settings of their workplace?
  • Will the results influence policy decisions?

Conclusions

  • How does your study fit within the broader scholarship about the research problem? 

F. Oguz, personal communication, June 17, 2019.