What is Peer Review?
It is the quality control system for scholarship. It means that articles in a peer-reviewed journal must be scrutinized and approved by experts before they are published. The editor of the journal should ensure that more than one expert reads each submission. Also, the editor should remove the name and any information that could identify the author so that the reviewers are scrutinizing only the work and not the person. This is called "blind" review. Submissions are rejected, accepted, or accepted pending revisions based upon the recommendation of the reviewers. SYNONYMS FOR PEER REVIEW = 'academic', 'juried', 'refereed', 'scholarly'.
How can you tell when something is peer-reviewed?
1) When you are looking at a print copy, of an entire issue of a journal, the editorial board of scholars with academic credentials and institutional affiliations will be listed somewhere. These are the 'peers' that review each published article.
2) Use a check box limit in your database search (when available).