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APA Citation Style Guide: APA Examples- Multimedia

This APA Citation Style Guide provides practical advice for citing sources, following the guidelines set forth in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th Edition).

How to Use This Guide

Preparing the List

Call your reference list References.

Always use a hanging indent for each citation.

Alphabetize the references by the first Author's last name or by Title, if no Author is listed.


What You Will Find Here

Listed on this page are examples of Reference list citations. They represent the standard citation format for different types of sources. 

Can't find what you need?

If you are trying to build a citation that does not conform to these basic examples, please see the Step-by-Step Citation guide for more details on constructing citations with unique circumstances.  

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Audio(Podcasts)

Writer or Producer. (Function). (Date produced or posted). Title of podcast or audio recording [Type of Work]. Retrieved from URL of website

Example:

Pine, R. B.(Writer) & Windy Apple Studios (Producer). (2009, January 22). Violin Adventures with Rachel Barton Pine [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://rachelbartonpine.libsyn.com/

APA Manual p. 210, Example 50

Images (online)

Author or Artist if available. (Year image was created). Title of work [Type of Work]. Retrieved from URL of website

Example:

Abbott, B. (1946). The wing [Photograph]. Retrieved from the Art Institute of Chicago website: http://www.artic.edu/aic/

Tip: Mention the Title of the website if it is different than the Author.

APA Manual pp. 209-210

Videos (Film)

Recorded

Producer and/or Director (Function). (Year of release). Title of video [Medium consulted]. Available from URL of distributor website

Example:

Navaxky, M., & O'Connor, K. (Producers, Directors, & Writers). Living old: The modern realities of aging in America [DVD]. Available from http://www.shoppbs.org

Tip: If you are unable to find the distributor's website, simply include "Country of origin: Name of studio."

APA Manual p. 209, Example 49


In Theaters

Director and/or Producer. (Function). (Year of release). Title of film [Type of work]. Country of origin: Name of Studio.

Example:

Ciardi, M., & Gray, G. (Producers), & Wallace, R. (Director). (2010). Secretariat [Motion picture]. United States: Walt Disney Pictures.

APA Manual p. 209, Section 7.07

Videos (Television Episodes)

Recording

Writer and/or Director. (Function). (Year of broadcast). Title of Episode [Type of Work]. In Name of Producer (Function), Title of Television series [Medium consulted]. Available from URL of distributor website

Example:

Hudis, M. (Writer), & Zisk, C. (Director). (2009). Chicken soup [Television series episode]. In B. Carpenter & K. Ciric (Producers), Nurse Jackie [DVD]. Available from http://showtime.seenon.com/

APA Manual pp. 209-210, Examples 49 & 51


Broadcast

Writer and/or Director. (Function). (Year of broadcast). Title of Episode [Type of Work]. In Name of Producer (Function), Title of Television series. City of production: Name of Studio.

Example:

Brixius, L., & Wallen, L. (Writers), & Feig, P. (Director). (2010). Years of service [Television series episode]. In B. Carpenter (Producer), Nurse Jackie. Santa Monica, CA: Lionsgate Television.  

APA Manual p. 210, Example 51

Videos (Online)

Author. [Screen name]. (Date produced or posted). Title of video [Medium consulted]. Retrieved from URL of website

Example:

Harvard University. [Harvard]. (2007, December 10). An introduction to the dataverse network as an infrastructure to data sharing [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fgn6dmfsZ_M

APA Manual p. 215, Example 77, and Blog