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APA Citation Style Guide (6th Edition): APA Examples- Electronic

This APA Citation Style Guide provides practical advice for citing sources, following the guidelines set forth in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th Edition).

How to Use This Guide

Preparing the List

Call your reference list References.

Always use a hanging indent for each citation.

Alphabetize the references by the first Author's last name or by Title, if no Author is listed.

What You Will Find Here

Listed on this page are examples of Reference list citations. They represent the standard citation format for different types of sources. 

Can't find what you need?

If you are trying to build a citation that does not conform to these basic examples, please see the Step-by-Step Citation guide for more details on constructing citations with unique circumstances.  

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Author(s). (Year of publication). Title of work [Reader version if available]. DOI number or Retrieved from URL of ebook homepage


Musil, R. K. (2009). Hope for a heated planet: How Americans are fighting global warming and building a better future [NetLibrary Reader version]. Retrieved from

APA Manual p. 203, Example 19

Journal Articles with a DOI

Author(s) of article. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of journal, Volume number (Issue number), Page numbers. DOI number


Bright-Paul, A., Jarrold, C., & Wright, D. B. (2008). Theory-of-mind development influences suggestibility and source monitoring. Developmental Pscyhology, 44, 1055-1068. doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.44.4.1055

APA Manual p. 198, Example 1

Journal Articles without a DOI

Author(s). (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of journal, Volume number(Issue number), Page numbers. Retrieved from URL of journal homepage


Couvillon, M., Peterson, R. L., Ryan, J. B., Scheuermann, B., & Stegall, J. (2010). A review of crisis intervention training programs for schools. Teachng Exceptional Children, 42(5), 6-17. Retrieved from


APA Manual p. 199, Example 3

Magazine Articles

Author(s) of article. (Full Date of publication). Title of article. Title of magazine, Volume number(Issue number), Page number(s). Retrieved from URL of magazine home page


Will, G. F. (2010, August 23). Lost in electronica. Newsweek, 156(8), 28. Retrieved from 

APA Manual p. 200, Example 8

Newspaper Articles

Author(s) of article. (Full Date of publication). Title of article. Title of newspaper. Retrieved from URL of newspaper home page


Olson, E. (2010, March 16). The rental car squeeze. The New York Times. Retrieved from

APA Manual pp. 200-201, Example 11

Encyclopedia Entries

Author(s) of article. (Year of publication). Title of article. In Name of editor(s) (Ed.), Title of encyclopedia (Edition, Page numbers). Retrieved from URL of Publisher's homepage


Irons, E. A. (2008). Healing Tao. In J. G. Melton (Series Ed.), Encyclopedia of Buddhism (1st ed., pp. 227). Retrieved from

APA Manual p. 202 & 205, Examples 29-30


Entire Website

When referencing an entire website, simply include the URL in the text of the paper. Do not include it in the Reference list.


To find information on the U.S. President's event schedule, check the White House website (

Article on a Website

Author(s). (Copyright or Last Revision date). Title of document. Retrieved from URL of website


Park, M. (2010, September 10). Clues found in mysterious childhood aging disease. Retrieved from progeria.children.aging/

Refer to the APA Style Blog for details.

Government and Academic Publications Online

Author(s) or Editor(s). (Date of publication or last revision). Title of Document or Web site (Report number if available). Retrieved from Name of Agency or Department website (if different than the author): URL of website


National Center for O*NET Development. (2010). Special Education Teachers, Middle School (O*Net Report No. 25-2042.00). Retrieved from O*Net Online website:

APA Manual p. 205, Example 31