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APA Citation Style Guide: APA Examples- Print

This APA Citation Style Guide provides practical advice for citing sources, following the guidelines set forth in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th Edition).

How to Use This Guide

Preparing the List

Call your reference list References.

Always use a hanging indent for each citation.

Alphabetize the references by the first Author's last name or by Title, if no Author is listed.


What You Will Find Here

Listed on this page are examples of Reference list citations. They represent the standard citation format for different types of sources. 

Can't find what you need?

If you are trying to build a citation that does not conform to these basic examples, please see the Step-by-Step Citation guide for more details on constructing citations with unique circumstances.  

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  Books

Author(s) or Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title of book. City, State of publication: Publisher.

Example:

Bridge, J. S. (2003). Rivers and floodplains: Forms, processes, and sedimentary record. Malden, MA: Blackwell Science Ltd.

APA Manual p. 203, Example 18

  Chapters/Entries from an Edited Book

Author(s) of article or chapter. (Year of publication). Title of article or chapter. In Name of editors (Ed.), Title of book (pp. Page numbers). City, State of publication: Publisher.

Example

Narayan, K. (1995). Taking oral literacy criticism seriously: Reflections on a Kangra women's song. In R. Bendix & R.L. Zumwalt (Eds.), Folklore interpreted: Essays in honor of Alan Dundes (pp. 237-264). New York, NY: Garland Publishing, Inc.

APA Manual p. 204, Example 25

  Journal Articles

Author(s) of article. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume number (Issue number), Page numbers.

Example

Sanders, S. & Hoffman, K. (2010). Ethics education in social work: Comparing outcomes of graduate social work students. Journal of Social Work Education, 46(1), 7-22.

Tip: If the print article has a DOI, include it after the page number as you would with an electronic document.

APA Manual pp. 198-199, Examples 1-3

  Magazine Articles

Author(s). (Full Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Volume number (Issue number), Page numbers.

Example

Rich, N. (2010, September 2). The most dangerous man in cyberspace. Rolling Stone, (1112), 71-73, 88-89.

APA Manual p. 200, Example 7

  Newspaper Articles

Author(s). (Full Date of publication). Title of article. Title of newspaper, Page numbers.

Example

Norris, F. (2010, August 21). For a change, U.S. debt is staying in the U.S. The New York Times, p.B3.

APA Manual p. 200, Example 10

  Encyclopedia Entries

Author(s). (Year of publication). Title of article. In Name of editor(s) (Ed.), Title of encyclopedia (Edition, Vol. number, Page numbers). City, State of publication: Publisher.

Example

Mills, F. (2001). Medieval garden style. In C. A. Shoemaker (Ed.), Encyclopedia of gardens (Vol. 2, pp. 870-876). Chicago, IL: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers.

APA Manual pp. 202-205, Examples 27-30

  Government Publications

Author(s). (Year of publication). Title of publication (Report number if available). City, State of publication: Publisher.

Example

O'Neal, R. L., Levine, A. S., & Kiser, C. C. (1996). Photographic survey of the LDEF mission (NASA Special Report 531). Hampton, VA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Langley Research Center.

APA Manual p. 205, Section 7.03