Call your reference list References.
Always use a hanging indent for each citation.
Alphabetize the references by the first Author's last name or by Title, if no Author is listed.
Listed on this page are examples of Reference list citations. They represent the standard citation format for different types of sources.
If you are trying to build a citation that does not conform to these basic examples, please see the Step-by-Step Citation guide for more details on constructing citations with unique circumstances.
Author(s) or Editor(s). (Year of publication). Title of book. City, State of publication: Publisher.
Bridge, J. S. (2003). Rivers and floodplains: Forms, processes, and sedimentary record. Malden, MA: Blackwell Science Ltd.
Author(s) of article or chapter. (Year of publication). Title of article or chapter. In Name of editors (Ed.), Title of book (pp. Page numbers). City, State of publication: Publisher.
Narayan, K. (1995). Taking oral literacy criticism seriously: Reflections on a Kangra women's song. In R. Bendix & R.L. Zumwalt (Eds.), Folklore interpreted: Essays in honor of Alan Dundes (pp. 237-264). New York, NY: Garland Publishing, Inc.
Author(s) of article. (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume number (Issue number), Page numbers.
Sanders, S. & Hoffman, K. (2010). Ethics education in social work: Comparing outcomes of graduate social work students. Journal of Social Work Education, 46(1), 7-22.
Tip: If the print article has a DOI, include it after the page number as you would with an electronic document.
Author(s). (Full Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Volume number (Issue number), Page numbers.
Rich, N. (2010, September 2). The most dangerous man in cyberspace. Rolling Stone, (1112), 71-73, 88-89.
Author(s). (Full Date of publication). Title of article. Title of newspaper, Page numbers.
Norris, F. (2010, August 21). For a change, U.S. debt is staying in the U.S. The New York Times, p.B3.
Author(s). (Year of publication). Title of article. In Name of editor(s) (Ed.), Title of encyclopedia (Edition, Vol. number, Page numbers). City, State of publication: Publisher.
Mills, F. (2001). Medieval garden style. In C. A. Shoemaker (Ed.), Encyclopedia of gardens (Vol. 2, pp. 870-876). Chicago, IL: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers.
Author(s). (Year of publication). Title of publication (Report number if available). City, State of publication: Publisher.
O'Neal, R. L., Levine, A. S., & Kiser, C. C. (1996). Photographic survey of the LDEF mission (NASA Special Report 531). Hampton, VA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Langley Research Center.