Contributors may include staff or freelance writers, editorial staff, subject specialists, experts in a field, and well-known authors. For some articles, no author may be listed. In reading articles, it can be helpful to note whether an author is listed and, if so, who it is. Articles may include an author's affiliation (i.e. with a university or institution) or provide an author's authority to speak on a subject.
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Below is a list of contributors and their affiliated institutions for an article which appeared in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Most of the contributors are associated with university departments of psychiatry, which establishes their credibility in the field of abnormal psychology.
Well-known authors appear as writers of articles in this issue of the New Yorker magazine.
This article, written by Ellen Hart Pena, is the story of the author's own struggle with anorexia and bulimia. In this instance, Ellen Hart Pena wrote this article on her own and therefore contributed as a freelance writer to the magazine.
Most items in a newspaper will have a byline that credits the person or organization responsible for creating the item.