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APA Citation Style Guide: In-text: Multiple Authors

This APA Citation Style Guide provides practical advice for citing sources, following the guidelines set forth in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th Edition).

How to Use This Guide

Citations are a two part system: in-text citations connected to reference list citations.

This guide will help you create in-text citations that correlate with the corresponding Reference list citations. Please see the References guide for more details on the Reference list.

Multiple Authors

If you are citing a source that has multiple authors, follow these basic steps.

2 Authors:

Always cite both authors' names in-text everytime you reference them. Example: Johnson and Smith (2009) found...

3-5 Authors:

Provide all the authors' last names when you first refer to a document with 3-5 authors. Only list the first author with the Latin abbreviation "et al." for any subsequent references.

Example:

   Jones, Chavez, Jackson, and Chen (2010) duplicated...

   Jones et al. (2010) further described...

6 or More Authors:

If a document has six or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with "et al." from the first citation to the last.

Example:

   Thomas et al. (2007) likened abnormal psychology to...

   ... distractions (Thomas et al., 2007).

Important Note: If you have two or more documents that look the same when shortened, please follow the guidelines set out in the Authors and Dates Matching section.

APA Manual p.175, Section 6.12

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