What is Peer Review?
It is the quality control system for scholarship. It means that articles in a peer-reviewed journal must be scrutinized by experts before they are published. SYNONYMS = 'academic', 'juried', 'refereed', 'scholarly'.
How can you tell when something is peer-reviewed?
1) When you are looking at a print copy, of an entire issue of a journal, the editorial board of scholars with academic credentials and institutional affiliations will be listed somewhere. These are the 'peers' that review each published article.
2) Use a check box limit in your database search (when available).
3) Consult Ulrich's Periodicals Directory. (Search on the source title NOT the article title.) An icon of a referee's jersey will indicate that the journal is peer-reviewed.
A literature review is a section of a scholarly article or book (usually toward the begining) which summarizes and evaluates previous scholarship.
The purpose of a literature review is to give an accurate and complete accounting of the current state of knowledge for whichever research question you are attempting to answer. It is an essential feature of scholarship because without it the reader cannot judge how well-informed you are or how original your approach might be.
What you end up writing will be probably be different in two ways.
1) You should have a much narrower focus. These attempt to cover very broad topics.
2) You should delve back a number of years to learn everything you can about your topic. These only try to account for what has happened over the last year.
The American labor movement
The great depression
Social change in the 1920’s
The cold war
Mccarthy and the red scare
The civil rights movement
The war on poverty
Criminalization of drugs in the U.S.
A.I.M. American Indian Movement
The 1980’s-the reluctance of the U.S. government to combat A.I.D.S.
The women’s movement in the U.S.
The gay rights movement in the U.S.
The war on drugs and change in sentencing
The rise of the youth subculture
Hand guns in the U.S.
Violent crime in the U.S.
Homelessness in the U.S.
Alcoholism and drug addiction in the U.S.
Prison overcrowding in the U.S.
Domestic violence in the U.S.
Rape, date rape, marital rape
Mental illness in the U.S., deinstitutionalization…
This list is just a suggestion, should you choose to address another subject you may do so with approval from the instructor.